During my very first field visit this summer in Khammouane Province in Northern Thailand, one of the district disaster management officials asked me what I do in the United States for disaster management. My answer was, embarrassingly, “nothing.”
The most prepared I have been for disaster was during my elementary school days in Yokohama, Japan. As earthquake is a common threat to Japanese life, we had periodic drills for earthquake and fire alarms, carried around disaster hoods, and stored food and water for emergency, both in school and in my community.
By interviewing various stakeholders involved in disaster management and climate change adaptation this summer, it struck me that disaster and weather events are extremely personal and embedded in everyday life. The public sector does of course play a significant role in providing sufficient infrastructure to prevent and mitigate disasters, as well as be prepared to manage and respond to situations when disasters happen. However, individual and collective action on the ground is vital in carrying out these policies and strategies.
The challenge for both disaster management and climate change adaptation is then, how do you motivate people to take action for the future while trying to manage several other pressing concerns? One way of doing it is through the utilization of memory and experience. In Japan, September 1st is designated as the Disaster Prevention Day, in memory of the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923, where schools and communities organize earthquake and fire drills. In terms of memory and experience, communities in Vietnam and Laos seemed to have very recent experiences of flood and drought impacts. Finding ways to remember and reflect on these experiences may be effective in creating a need to prepare for future events.
Another approach may be to link existing issues with the more long-term disaster/climate concerns. During my visit to Khammouane in Thailand and Nonbok in Laos, the main concern this summer in these flood-prone areas was drought, not flood. However, the focus of the disaster and climate change adaptation programs has been on building local capacities for flood. Of course, it may be impossible for disaster management programs to be able to address every single climate and weather-related issue experienced by the communities. However, creating a framework where pressing local concerns can be addressed within the efforts of disaster management and climate change adaptation, I feel, is important.
Since returning from Bangkok to Cambridge, in midst of juggling my immediate concerns of papers and project deadlines, as a first step towards enhancing my own disaster preparedness, I have started to compile my own emergency kit. According to the Boston’s Mayor’s Office of Emergency Preparedness (MOEP), common weather-related risks in Massachusetts include, extreme heat, floods, hurricanes, thunderstorms, and winter storms and extreme cold, and there are various resources in the Boston area on how to prepare for disasters. The personal experiences and learning that I had this summer has definitely impacted my own thinking and actions on preparing for disaster and climate change on the ground, and I hope to continue on through both my personal and academic endeavors.
Shoko Takemoto is a Masters in City Planning student at the Department of Urban Studies and Planning at MIT, focusing on environmental policy and planning. Shoko is working in Bangkok this summer with the Asia Disaster Preparedness Center where she will examine the link between disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in communities in the Mekong River Basin in Southeast Asia. Her main interests include food sustainability, climate change, and community engagement, and she was also a member of the Cartagena Practicum.