Posted November 9th 2016 at 4:53 pm by
in Perspectives on Current Events

Two Reflections on the 2016 Presidential Election

The White House

In the spirit of moving forward, today CoLab Radio is publishing two perspectives on the election from CoLab folk. Dayna Cunningham, CoLab Executive Director shares a piece she wrote last week for a class talk. Phil Thompson writes comments for a forum at the Department of Urban Studies and Planning in the wake of the election.


Dayna Cunningham

I wrote the below for a class in which I was giving a talk. The homework was, one week ago, to write a paragraph on who won the election and why. Most of the students in the class today had predicted a Hillary victory by a slim margin. One student, named Jim, the son of a cop from Central Arkansas, was with me in predicting a Trump victory.

So here we are. Trump has won. He will not be able to deliver on all of his promises, to the extent that they were even defined. There will be openings to build new coalitions amongst disaffected Trump supporters as his failures become clear. And… Trump is not really an ideologue, I believe, and it’s possible that with discrete, place-based efforts, there will be ways to continue our work.


Trump wins.

The precedent is Rudolph Guiliani’s victory over David Dinkins in the 1993 NYC mayoral race.

  • Hillary’s base lacks enthusiasm; Turn out is lower than it should be for 4 reasons:
  1. Hillary is unlikeable, dishonest and corrupt.
  2. She takes her most reliable base (people of color) for granted and doesn’t invest in GOTV for them, preferring instead the futile pursuit of the WWC male voter.
  3. POCs, though usually the most sophisticated voters  (e.g., black voters support Dems despite bankrupt liberal agenda that hurts them most;  Latino and Asian voters support Obama despite horrible immigration record) stay home,  simply unable to bring themselves to forgive Clinton’s racial perfidy (see below).
  4. Elites simply don’t believe Trump will win (think Brexit and Colombia’s peace referendum).
  • Elites can’t fathom the level of rage amongst the white working class (WWC) because they themselves don’t feel the negative effects of,  and in fact have prospered under, the broken social contract.
  • The breach in the social contract was rapidly accelerated under Bill Clinton.
  • The WWC knows all too well that elites have prospered and that elites truly hold white workers  in contempt.  Trump’s crude behavior, know-nothing politics and racism are far more tolerable than elites’ contempt, corruption and hypocrisy.
  • Trump is, in Michael Moore’s words, an anger management strategy for the WWC.
  • Trump’s base is enthusiastic. Much like Obama did with black voters, he is building a new electorate (in this case amongst disenchanted white working class voters) whose emotional touchstone is racial resentment.
  • Racial resentment is a ubiquitous sentiment in the US, a rich vein of political emotion just under the surface that doesn’t go away in part because it consistently is cultivated, then mined, by both parties (In 2008, Clinton darkened Obama’s image in political ads; welfare “reform” and mass incarceration of “predators” were hallmarks of Bill Clinton’s appeal to white voters)
  • Racism/racial resentment is what has facilitated the breach in the social contract (this is the subject of today’s talk).
  • There are many more elites who feel racial resentment but would never publicly acknowledge that they are, in fact, voting for Trump.
  • The polls that are too close to call underestimate Trump’s support (EXIT polls during Dinkins v Giuliani had Dinkins up by 5% when Giuliani in fact won).



J. Phillip Thompson

Conversation with Students and Faculty on the Election

Dayna Cunningham asked students in her class last week to predict the outcome of the election, explain the reasons for your prediction, and to put it in a sealed envelope to be opened today. I’ve circulated Dayna’s prediction and explanation—which I agreed with.

The main point I want to make about the election is that the white working class is in motion. The last time the white working class was in motion was in the 1930s. In the 1960s black people and students were in motion, but not the white working class. Right now, students are in motion, black and Latino and Asian people (especially immigrant groups) are in motion, and the white working class is finally in motion. Whether these groups unite, or fight amongst each other is the whole ballgame—it will determine the future of our democracy. We are not off to a good start.

Trump rallied white workers under a banner of racism and xenophobia. This is worrisome, to say the least, but not surprising. The Republican Party has been playing off poor whites off black people (and now Latinos)–saying that blacks are stealing their tax dollars–almost non-stop since the 1890s. Many Democrats have played the race card too when it was convenient.

I want to point to a different problem. For the last year I’ve gone with others around the country meeting with black leaders at all levels to discuss the election and trying to build a unity process around an agenda for the black community, and unity on building a GOTV infrastructure. It’s been difficult to do this because many leaders are so happy being leaders they don’t want to be part of something bigger than they are, even if the communities they are ‘leading’ are in a downward spiral. How did we get to this point? I think the logic of market competition has penetrated our communities and dulled our thinking. I’m reminded of what happened in NOLA after Katrina. Instead of building a citywide unity process and common agenda across communities to fight the State and the Feds, community groups got distracted into a citywide competition set up by foundations. The city was divided into 40 parcels, and community groups competed with each other to see who could do the best renewal plan. There were, I think, 10 winners who would get money, and 30 losers. The point is that the groups never united—most of the groups were “losers.”

This has also been a problem in urban planning. There has been an avoidance of politics, of working on bringing groups together to take on the big challenges facing the nation: like urban displacement, or the decline of good jobs, or climate change. These issues can’t be reduced to individual neighborhood solutions.

A second problem we have to confront are the limits of liberalism as an ideology. Liberalism stresses toleration and support for individual rights, but it does not tell us how to repair the damage done to the spirit of a nation coming out of 200 years of slavery, and another 100 hundred years of racial segregation and domination of quite a few foreign nations of color. That is a moral and values problem, and an urgent one, that liberalism has never seriously addressed.

Last, this was an election over morals and ‘trust’ more than anything else. It was not about material ‘interests.’ Trust and morals are more important than interests, this is another lesson liberals need to learn. Trump does not have a program to restore good jobs—he doesn’t have any coherent program at all—and the white majority elected him anyway. In this election, a majority of white voters said that they don’t trust either political party—they think the system is corrupt. If people do not trust their leaders and institutions—programmatic appeals to this group or that group don’t matter.

Trump will not deliver on his promises. That will leave an opening for leaders even more to the radical right than Trump. But this also creates an opening for progressive movements to unite all the different groups in political motion right now. To take advantage of this moment, and not be crushed by it, will take a commitment to movement building—not just talking to ourselves but to poor whites too; a commitment to deal with racism in a real way—a different explanation for why workers lives are falling apart than blaming immigrants and black people; and a determination to end corrupt ‘pay-to-play’ politics in our democracy.

One response to “Two Reflections on the 2016 Presidential Election”

  1. Brian Hughes says:

    Thank you. This was a useful commentary for those of us who are struggling to understand what happened.

    God bless the Republic and the Constitution on which it stands.